The acronym (derived from ancient Greek ákros "tip, extreme end" and ónyma "name") is an abbreviation that is formed from the first letters or syllables of several words or from a compound and functions as an independent word (example: FBI (= Federal Bureau of Investigation) or Kripo= criminal police).
Acronyms are special cases of abbreviations that can be found in technical and colloquial language, but which are also very popular in internet and chat language. We have put together interesting examples for you and you are welcome to guess:
With acronyms, one can basically distinguish between initial words and syllable abbreviations. An initial word consists of the first letters, the initials, of several words, e.g. B. NATO (= North Atlantic Treaty Organization). A syllable abbreviation consists of the initial syllables of one or more words, e.g. B. Referee (= referee ) or Aldi (= Albrecht discount).
There are also some special forms of the acronym.
An apronym describes an acronym that makes up a word that already exists.
A backronym describes a word that was later given the (often jokingly intended) meaning of an abbreviation.
Layered and recursive acronyms
In addition, there are less common special forms.
A layered acronym describes an abbreviation that is layered or nested.
A recursive acronym describes an abbreviation that refers to itself in the resolution of its meaning.
Abbreviations in legal English: criminal law
Abbreviations or abbreviations are the shortened forms of words or expressions.
Among the forms of abbreviations, we have acronyms (initialisms) and acronyms (acronyms).
Below is a list of acronyms and acronyms used in American Criminal Law.
1) A&B - Assault and Battery
2) AKA - Also Known As
3) A.P.A - Assistant Prosecuting Attorney
4) CCW - Carrying a Concealed Weapon
5) CSC - Criminal Sexual Conduct
6) GAL - Guardian ad Litem a person appointed by the court to protect the legal interests of an infant or an incompetent adult, or a missing person who is involved in a court case. The court will appoint a guardian ad litem in cases of juvenile abuse or neglect. The "GAL" may be an attorney
7) LEIN [pronunciado lian] - Law Enforcement Information Network A computer network accessed by police. L.E.I.N. (pronounced "lean") maintains a database that includes active arrest warrants, active PPOs - clique aqui, felony and high misdemeanor convictions, etc.
8) OUIL - Operating Under the Influence of Intoxicating Liquor (drunk driving)
9) PPO - Personal Protection Order - an injunctive order to prevent reoccurrences of acts or threats of assault and harassment.
10) UBAL - Operating with an Unlawful Blood Alcohol Level
11) UDAA - Unlawfully Driving Away an Automobile (car theft)