The noun acronym can be traced back to the two Greek words ákros (tip) and ónyma (name). The term is understood to mean an abbreviation formed from the first letters of several words.
Classic acronyms are, for example, " EDV " (Electronic Data Processing) or "The PARTEI", which is an abbreviation for "The Party for Labor, the Rule of Law , Animal Welfare, the Promotion of Elites & a grassroots democratic initiative ".
The acronyms CD (Compact Disc), LASER (Light A mplification by Stimulated Emission of R adiation) or FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation ) are known from English.
An acronym is a type of initial word. Such uses are not only recommended for associations, communities, clubs and companies with a long title, but have already proven to be the most effective communication solution in many cases. They represent a special form of universal abbreviations.
The name of the term refers to various options for abbreviating a long sequence of letters in a meaningful way. Here, for example, the abbreviation is not completed after four consecutive characters – as is the case with possibly for possibly real – but generally after the beginning of the individual words. This is mainly known when abbreviating clubs in sports, culture or society. The ADAC or the VfB are just two examples from a long list of useful abbreviations, which shorten a large number of words as efficiently as possible and at least maintain understanding.
In some cases, due to the acceptance of acronyms, the variant written out is sometimes less well known than the acronym itself. There are differences in the formation of acronyms. As a clear example, the first letters from the existing partial words are used. PC and TÜV are understandable patterns in these cases.
Furthermore, an acronym can also be made from the first letters of its individual syllables or created in a mix of both variants, so that electronic data processing has quickly become EDP, which offers a linguistic advantage and continues to offer a maximum comprehensible flow of communication. With this reference, sports enthusiasts probably use the European Championship and World Cup much more clearly as an example.
In various special forms, combinations of two or more parts of a syllable also apply to generate an acronym. This is clearly visible in the case of trainees or BAföG, but still simplifies use in the communication. Here the Kripo (criminal police) as well as the Trafo (transformer) can be used for the corresponding explanation without starting too long formulations. And the original length of the original is no longer noticeable in headwords either. The common car for automobile as well as the battery for the accumulator are here very affable and confidential uses. Do not confuse homophonic abbreviations, such as L8 for late, where only a consonance is used.
As in the case of BAFöG, however, a certain change of heart is also included, since in this example people are no longer primarily concerned with the law itself, but with the financial provision. This is also the case with the Short Message Service, because the information would actually only be an SM, although this abbreviation would already exist. This can lead to the illogical existence of LCD displays, CSS style sheets on the web, HIV virus in medicine or PIN numbers in banking, which actually contain a nonsensical duplication.
On the one hand, this affects the separate formulation of the individual letters - in the example WM for World Cup or on the other hand a mostly two-syllable use, as is the case in NATO. There is no clear rule for the genesis of the acronym from the first letters of the word or the syllable, but companies and clubs usually use it with the individual naming of the letters of the acronym for the sake of simplicity. In abbreviations of very long words, pronunciation as an independent word usually plays a very important role.
This is how exceptions arose here, which, for example, have made the global threat from the HI virus known not as AIDS, but as AIDS. The use of the first two letters of the word / the partial syllables as ELSTER was on everyone's lips just because of the changeover to the electronic tax return. These as aproonymsThe special forms of the acronyms referred to represent a separate subgroup with a clear sound of an independent word. Similar to the use of BUND, which refers to the federal principle of the nature conservation association and not to the state, or PARTEI, which represents a party, but not the usual political direction, but contains a precise concept, there are above all complex structures behind the individual letters, which can be verbalized as a word - for better sound and the transmission of a well thought-out structure - as an independent word.
This is also often the case with laws, which are used particularly extensively in the United States and, when decoded, stand for very precise ideas. Since in these cases there is no punctuation between the separate parts of the abbreviations, it is sometimes not even obvious that it is not the original word at all, but a socially accepted made-up word. As an extension, acronyms can also be multi-layered, so that they can be used for very different word combinations, which, however, relate to a meaning-related topic.
In many other examples, combining a company and a name creates a species brand create, which is to be established on the sales market. So Haribo is an acronym for Hans Riegel Bonn. Very intelligent products can be marketed with a little finesse and prudence. The Alwegbahn shows a connection to its namesake, Axel Lennart Wenner Gren, and seen as the word before the railway, also to the importance of all accessible routes in the transport network - a sophisticated ambiguity.
An acronym also opens up grammatical novelties or freedom with its existence. So derivations are possible with these abbreviations, which would be unthinkable in the full form. This also includes pluralizations. In such cases, an -s can usually be appended to the subject matter, otherwise a completely different form would have arisen.
Especially in the field of computer technology, acronyms are often used for a self-explanatory meaning. Then GNU stands for Gnu's Not Unix. In addition, the modern LOL or ROFL is not only often used by young people. Here, from the individual components of Laughing Out Loud or Roll On Floor Laughing, just a special embellishment of an emotion is verbalized and used as a useful context that sees its meaning by using as few signs as possible. Especially in the media age, this is due to small data sizes or sets that are Twitter or SMS - and again an acronym is successfully integrated - can be sent.
Furthermore, the shortening of one's own or international language also moves into this leisure area. Especially with online players, the well-known AFK for abstinence from the keyboard (Away From keyboards) seen as a quick communication solution within a game group. And so the use of the acronym for barrier-free and user-friendly use of the website is also very popular in the Internet a. Here, special tags can be used to ensure clarity or create the necessary clarity.
A clearly visible advantage is, on the one hand, the saving of a particularly large number of characters. In addition to saving time, this is also a help in verbal interaction with regard to the better flow of speech and the attention it creates. It will be much easier for the interlocutor if the name ADAC is mentioned instead of having to use the general German Automobile Club designation. Furthermore, this saving of characters can also bring advantages in relation to the company or the association itself.
An acronym creates more potential for further information by saving the name characters. In this context, the use in the production of advertising brochures or for quick information on the Internet can be seen in particular. In such cases, it is not uncommon for a certain number of characters to be used to formulate the added value.